Ecological surveys give a snapshot view of what an area has been like at the time of survey. The aim of these surveys usually presented here is two-fold; to document any noticeable differences between the natural vegetation of different sections of the project location. In order to do this, the scientists and surveyors use a variety of techniques and scientific methods. For instance, field observations, field measurements, sampling, field recording, and image/video analysis are among the methods that can be applied to these surveys. This article will help you understand the significance of these various methods and how they work in order to give a better picture of the current condition of a specific area.
The first aim of these scientific studies is to record evidence for the conservation status of local ecosystems as well as to record information on the biodiversity of that particular environment. These data are accumulated by the scientists and supported by observations and photographs in order to produce an informative report. For example, if a team from ecologists is sent to a biodiversity hotspot to carry out a series of ecological surveys, they will take field samples as well as observe how different species behave in their habitat. They might record the characteristics of vegetation, their behavior, the types of plants and animals living in the region, the temperature and humidity levels, and other vital information that will help them interpret the results of their studies.
The second aim is to determine the environmental impacts of development proposals. If a new development proposal is proposed for a specific area, the ecological surveys will help to assess the impact such a development might have on the local ecosystem. Based on the recorded data, the scientists involved in the study can then prepare mitigation plans that will best protect the local habitat and environment. For instance, if a proposed dam is located near a river that feeds many water birds, and a majority of those birds are threatened with extinction, then such a development proposal should be considered carefully. mitigation plans that do not take such threats into consideration could result in the endangering of this valuable species.